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Applications of surfactants and their impact on the industry

May 22, 2024

Surfactants, also known as surfactants, are compounds that can significantly reduce the surface tension or interfacial tension between two liquids, between a liquid and a gas, or between a liquid and a solid. As an internationally renowned Chinese Inorganic chemical supplier, we committed to becoming your surfactant manufacturer as well.

The molecular structure of surfactants has a unique amphipathic nature, with a hydrophilic polar group (hydrophile group) at one end and a lipophilic non-polar group (lipophilic group) at the other end. This structure gives the surface The properties of an active agent that are both hydrophilic and lipophilic, but not entirely hydrophilic or lipophilic.

There are many types of surfactants, which can be divided into ionic surfactants (including cationic surfactants, anionic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants), nonionic surfactants, compound surfactants and others according to their chemical properties. Surfactants, etc. Each type contains a variety of specific compounds, such as higher fatty acid salts, sulfates and sulfonates in anionic surfactants, and quaternary ammonium compounds in cationic surfactants.

Surfactants are widely used in daily life and many industrial and agricultural production fields because of their unique physical and chemical properties.

1.First of all, surfactants, as auxiliaries or additives, can produce huge effects and benefits in the processing or manufacturing process of products, even if they are added in a very small amount. They have multiple functions such as emulsification, solubilization, wetting, penetration, and dispersion, and can significantly improve product quality and yield.

For example, in the detergent industry, surfactants, as the main active ingredients, are not only widely used in household detergents, but also widely used in industrial cleaning fields to help remove oil stains and rust, and achieve the purpose of sterilization and surface protection. .

2.Secondly, surfactants also play an important role in the cosmetics industry. They serve as emulsifiers, penetrants, detergents, softeners, wetting agents, bactericides, dispersants, solubilizers, antistatic agents, etc., which can improve the texture and stability of cosmetics and enhance the effectiveness of the product.

3.In addition, surfactants are also used in food and dairy products to emulsify, increase stability and promote mixing. They can also greatly increase the taste, sweetness and aroma of food, and improve its crispness, chewing and smoothness. and other taste characteristics. It is of great significance to improve the overall flavor and quality of food.

Surfactants may also be used as thickeners, defoaming agents, and foaming agents in textiles, printing and dyeing, paints, medicines, pesticides, films, photography, electroplating, metal processing, mineral processing, and new materials , industrial cleaning, construction and other traditional industries, as well as high-tech fields. In these fields, surfactants can help improve product performance, increase production efficiency, and reduce production costs.

However, although surfactants play an important role in industrial production:

1.Surfactants can easily be released into water bodies during the production, application and disposal processes, causing pollution to water bodies. Surfactants can destroy the surface tension in water bodies, affect water quality, and cause damage to the ecological environment such as fish, aquatic plants, and plankton. If it is not treated, it may also lead to eutrophication of water and soil in lakes, rivers, etc.

2.Surfactants contain a large number of chemical substances that are repellent to microorganisms, plants and other organisms in nature. After being discharged into the environment, these chemicals are difficult to effectively remove and degrade, causing certain harm to the environment, destroying the balance of the ecosystem, and adversely affecting human life and ecological environment protection.

3.In addition, surfactants can also have an impact on soil. Large amounts of surfactant discharge will remain in the soil and migrate downward to contaminate groundwater. Surfactants can affect the chemical properties of soil, change the behavior of compounds in the soil, and affect the metabolic activities of soil microorganisms, nitrogen cycle, microbial community composition, and soil enzyme activity. These effects may lead to a decrease in soil fertility, affecting crop growth and yields..

Hangda is a professional new materialcompany specializing in research and development, production andsales of various coatings and ink additives.As a responsible surfactant manufacturer, we has always focused on product research and innovation, and is committed to finding a new environmentally friendly surfactant. If you are interested in our products, please feel free to contact us.